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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

It is a mental illness which impact on your personality and impair your ability to interact socially and your perception. It makes difficult to interact with other people. The addition of word spectrum in autism disorder is to make clarify that it contains wide variety of sign and symptoms. It affects in the early childhood and make the learning ability of children difficult.

Symptoms

This disorder includes the following sign and symptoms:Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Difficulty in communication
  • Reduce eye contact
  • Aggressive nature
  • Lack of response
  • Delayed speech
  • Failed to response on his/her name
  • Repeat sentences several times
  • Perform repetitive movement
  • Does not respond to smile
Causes

The exact cause of autism is still not known. It is a complex disorder which include multiple factors in the development of this disorder like environment, genetical and emotional factors. Certain other genetic disease may associate with autism disorder like fragile X syndrome and Rett syndrome. Many environmental factor like pollution and complications during pregnancy may triggered the risk of getting autism.

Complications

Complications of autism spectrum disorder includes:

  • Self-isolation
  • Stress
  • Being bullied
  • Problems in social skills
  • Difficulty to make relationship
Diagnosis

After taking medical and family history your doctor may perform the physical examination to rule out the other physical causes which produce the same symptoms. to confirm the diagnosis your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Speech therapy test
  • Blood test to check the complete blood count
  • Observe the interaction of child with other peoples
  • DNA typing to evaluate the other genetic disease which is associated with it.
Treatment

There is no cure for this disease treatment will only reduce the signs and symptom and prevent the complication. Treatment contain the following options:

  • Antipsychotic and anti-depressant will help you to fight with mood swings and depression.
  • Education therapy to improve the social skills.
  • Behavior therapy to improve the interaction with other peoples.
  • Family therapy to manage the behavior and social interaction with family member and developed a healthy relationship with parents and siblings.
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