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Bronchitis

Bronchitis

It is an irritation, inflammation and infection of bronchi , which leads to production of mucus and cough. (Trachea is the main airway of the lungs, than it divides in to two bronchus, where as smaller braches are bronchi).

SymptomsBronchitis Symptoms Causes Treatment
  • Dry cough
  • Headache
  • Congestion in throat
  • Rhinitis, Congested nose
  • Body ache
  • Malaise
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Sometimes wheeze
  • In worst condition breathlessness
  • Discomfort in chest
  • Pain in chest because of cough
Causes
  • Viral 85%
  • Bacterial 10%
  • Allergens, Smoke, Smog, Tobacco, Irritants, Dust, Acids
  • Acid Reflux
Diagnosis
  • Your Doctor can decide from your examination if you have bronchitis, if necessary he will advise chest X-Ray, if persisting fever sputum culture can be done to decide if antibiotics are needed
Complications
  • Difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath
  • Emphysema
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pneumonia
Treamtent

If your symptoms last for 2-3 weeks you need to see your doctor

  • Inhalers, Steroids, Painkillers, Mucolytics advised not to take without doctors suggestion
  • Do not take unnecessary antibiotics as it is mostly caused by virus
  • Your doctor will decide if you need antibiotics or not
Home remedies
  • Drink warm water, black tea, green tea, adding honey and lemon
  • Take rest
  • Avoid smoking or irritants
  • Eat healthy food
  • Exercise regularly
  • In case of Temperature take Paracetamol or Ibuprofen
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