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Constipation

Constipation

It is defined as the difficulty in passage of stool or infrequent bowel movements. Constipation is occurred when there is less than three bowel movement in a week. Some people developed chronic constipation which interfere in their daily life.

Symptoms

Below mention are the signs and symptoms of constipation:CONSTIPATION symptoms treatment

  • Hard stools
  • Needing press abdomen to empty the rectum
  • Difficulty in passage of stool
  • Passing less than 3 stools in a week
  • Feeling of blockage in rectum
  • Bloating
Causes

Constipation occur when stool become too hard which cause difficulty in passage through rectum. Constipation occur due to many causes which includes:

Complications

It can cause following complications:

  • Tears in anal skin
  • Piles
  • Fecal accumulation in rectum
  • Rectal prolapse
Diagnosis

After history and physical examination your doctor might recommend the following test:

  • X-ray to see any abnormality in the intestine and rectum
  • Blood test to rule out any systemic disease
  • Colonoscopy to examine the colon
  • Anorectal manometry to check the function of muscles of rectum and anus
Treatment

The main treatment option for chronic constipation is change the lifestyles and diet if it not reduces the symptoms then your doctor prescribed the medications. Treatment options include:

  • Increase fibers in diet.
  • Exercise daily
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle
  • Don’t ignore bowel movement
  • Laxatives like stimulant, osmotic and fiber supplements will also help to reduce constipation
  • Lubricants to prevent injury
  • Suppositories
  • If your constipation is due to any blockage in intestine or rectum then you need a surgery to remove the blockage.
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