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Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) caused by inflammation of GIT. This condition is characterized by abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Crohn’s disease can involve different parts of small and large intestine. Onset is usually gradual.

Symptoms

Active Crohn’s disease have following signs and symptoms:crohns disease symptoms treatment

  • Loose motion
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Sores in mouth
  • Decrease appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in stools
  • Fistula around or near the anus
  • Eyes, skin and joint inflammation
  • Anemia
  • Kidney stones
  • Delayed growth in children
  • Delayed sexual development
Causes

Main cause of this condition is not known. There are several factors that play role in the development of Crohn’s disease. The factors are as follows:

  • Over active immune system in the presence of viral or bacterial infection
  • Heredity factors
Complications 

Complications include:

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Blood tests
  • Stool tests
  • Colonoscopy
  • Computerized tomography (CT).
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Capsule endoscopy
  • Balloon-assisted enteroscopy
Treatment

Although there is no proper cure for this disease, there are few options to manage the condition.

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids, Oral 5-aminosalicylates are prescribed to reduce inflammation.
  • Other medications are ; Immune system suppressors, antibiotics, anti-diarrheals, Pain relievers.
  • Surgery is sometimes considered.
  • Nutrition therapy
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