Diabetes Type 1

Diabetes Type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. This condition is characterized by little or no insulin production by the pancreas. Onset usually occur during childhood or adolescents.


Symptoms include:

  • Thirst increase
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Bed-wetting in children who usually didn’t have this issue
  • Mood changes
  • Vision become blurred
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue

Main cause of this condition is unknown but usually own body’s immune system is involved in the development of type 1 diabetes. Immune cells of the body mistakenly attack islet of Langerhans, cells of pancreas that produces insulin. Some other causes are:

  • Genetical predisposition
  • Viral exposure or other environmental factors

Complications are:


Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) testDiabetes SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT
  • Random blood sugar test
  • Fasting blood sugar test

Treatment options include:

  • Taking insulin shots which include long-acting insulin, short-acting (regular) insulin, rapid-acting insulin, intermediate-acting (NPH) insulin
  • Other medications prescribed are anti-hypertension drugs, aspirin, cholesterol lowering drugs.
  • Counting carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the diet
  • Consuming healthy and organic foods
  • Increasing physical activities in the routine
  • Pancreas transplant could be a potential future treatment.
Lifestyle and home remedies
  • Take insulin shots as prescribed
  • Be active and exercise regularly
  • Pay a lot more attention on your feets to prevent any injury
  • Limit smoking
  • Quit alcohol consumption
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