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Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which fertilize egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of uterus. Mostly ectopic pregnancy occur in fallopian tubes. This type of pregnancy is known as tubal pregnancy. Other locations of ectopic pregnancy are ovary, abdominal cavity or the lower part of the cervix.

Symptoms

Symptoms include:ECTOPIC PREGNANCY Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Missed pregnancy
  • Tenderness of breast
  • Nausea
  • Light vaginal bleeding
  • Extreme lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Shock
  • Lower abdominal pain
Causes

Most common ectopic pregnancy is tubal pregnancy. This occur when fertilize egg stuck in the tubes on the way to uterus. Many factors can contribute to the development of ectopic pregnancy like hormonal imbalance and abnormal fertilize egg development.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Pregnancy tests
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Blood tests
  • Abdominal ultrasound
Treatment

Treatment options include:

  • Medications are given in early ectopic pregnancy. Mostly methotrexate is prescribed.
  • Salpingostomy and salpingectomy are laparoscopic procedures to take out ectopic tissue.
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