Heavy Menstrual Bleeding, Menorrhagia

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding, Menorrhagia

It is defined as abnormal high or prolonged flow of menstrual blood. It can cause severe blood loss which can lead to the weakness and cause hurdle in daily routine function.


Below mention are the signs and symptoms of menorrhagia:HEAVY MENSTRUAL BLEEDING Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Passing blood clots
  • Need to use more than one pad at a time
  • Bleeding disturb sleep at night
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings

Following are the causes of menorrhagia:

  • Abnormality in ovaries
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Polyps
  • Adenomyosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Inherited bleeding disorder
  • Cancer

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:


It is usually diagnosis at clinical setup but to confirm the causes your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Ultrasound to check the images of uterus and ovary
  • Blood tests to check the anemia
  • Pap smear
  • Endometrial biopsy to check any malignancy

Treatment options include:

  • Oral contraceptives
  • NSAIDs to relieve pain
  • Progesterone
  • Tranexamic acid to reduce the blood loss
  • Hormonal intrauterine device
  • Sometimes surgical process used to treat the underlying causes like myomectomy, uterine artery embolization.
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