Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B

This is a serious viral infection of liver result from the infection of hepatitis B virus. This infection has potential of developing into chronic infection. Hepatitis B infection can leave permanent scars on the liver leading to liver cancer or liver failure.


Hepatitis B infection presents as :Hepatitis B SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT


This infection occur due to the exposure with Hepatitis B virus. It is not contagious i-e it can’t be spread with coughing and sneezing. Virus can be spread through following routes:

  • Sexual contact
  • Sharing of needles
  • Accidental needle sticks
  • From pregnant lady to her newborn
  • Hepatitis B infection can be acute or chronic. Chronic hepatitis B infection can lead to life-threatening conditions like cirrhosis and liver cancer.

When infection become chronic, it can lead to following complications:


Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Blood tests.
  • Liver ultrasound.
  • Liver biopsy is sometimes considered

Treatment options include:

  • After the exposure, an injection of immunoglobulin is given within 12 hours of exposure.
  • Medications are prescribed for chronic infections. Medications include Antiviral medications.
  • Injections of interferons
  • Liver transplant
Lifestyle and home remedies
  • Use latex condom and make sex safer so that risk of transmitting it to the partner become less.
  • Ask your sexual partner to get tested for hepatitis B virus
  • Limit the sharing of personal hygiene items
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