Hypothermia is a serious medical emergency which resulted when there is imbalance between heat production and heat loss. There is usually decrease in 3 Fahrenheit in the temperature from normal.


Symptoms of this condition includes:hypothermia

  • Shivering
  • Mumbling
  • Slurred speech
  • Shallow problematic breathing
  • Weak pulse
  • Drowsiness
  • Clumsiness
  • Bright red skin in infants
  • Unconsciousness
  • Confusion and memory problems

This condition occur when person is exposed to cold environment for a long time. The particular causes of hypothermia are:

  • Wearing clothes which are not warm enough for the environment
  • Bloating accident
  • Being in wet clothes for long time

Major concerning complications are

  • Frostbite
  • Gangrene of the affected area

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of patient. Sometimes blood tests are also done.


As this is a medical emergency it requires immediate first-aid which include these steps:

  • Limit the excess moment of body
  • Move to warmer place
  • Insulate the body from colder things
  • Use warm compressor
  • Monitor breathing
  • Avoid getting direct heat

Along with this medical treatment is done which include

  • Passive re-warming
  • Blood re-warming
  • Airway re-warming
  • Warm intravenous fluids
  • Irrigation of some areas of body.
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