It is define as the condition in which there is decrease production of male hormone due to which there is lack of masculine growth pattern and delay in puberty and reduce sperm count. It occur congenitally or developed after birth later in life due to any infection and injury.
Signs and symptoms of hypogonadism depend upon the age at which this condition developed.
- Ambigious external genitalia
- Impaired growth
- Female type genitals
- Lack of muscles mass
- Reduce facial hair
- Lack of sexual drive
- Hot flushes
Generally there are two causes of hypogonadism primary and secondary, in primary there is testicles failure or defect in the origin of testicles. Secondary causes include problem in hypothalamus or in the pituitary gland function. Klinefelter syndrome is the most common cause of hypogonadism.
If left untreated it may cause the following complications:
Male hypogonadism is generally diagnosis at clinical setup, you doctor will diagnosis this condition after conducting physical examination and might recommend the hormone tests to check the testosterone level in your body other tests included:
- Genetical testing
- Pituitary imaging test
- Semen analysis
- Testicular biopsy
The main treatment option of male hypogonadism is testosterone therapy which help to reduce the sign and symptoms such as testosterone increase the sexual drive increase hair growth, increase muscles mass etc. Testosterone available in different form like injections, patches and in oral form.