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Menopause

Menopause

It is defined as the stoppage of your menstrual cycle after 40 or 50 years of age. Menopause is diagnosis when you do not got period for 12 months. It is a natural process.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of menopause included:MENOPAUSE Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Mood swings
  • Irregular periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Dryness in vagina
  • Thinning of hair
  • Sleep problems
  • Night sweet
  • Chills
  • Weight gain
  • Slow metabolism
Causes

Following are the causes of menopause:

  • Naturally declining of hormones is the most common cause of menopause after 30s or 40s ovaries produce less estrogen and progesterone which are necessary to maintain the menstrual cycle and fertility.
  • Oophorectomy is defined as the removal of ovaries due to any complications as a consequence there is declining of reproductive hormone and sudden menopause occur.
  • Cancer treatment also disturbed hormonal imbalance and cause menopause
  • Ovarian insufficiency due to any disease related to ovaries
Complications

The complications of menopause include:

Diagnosis

There is no specific test to diagnose the natural menopause. Your doctor may diagnosis the condition after taking detailed medical history.

Treatment

There is no treatment for menopause instead of that the main aim of treatment is to reduce the signs and symptoms which included:

  • Hormonal therapy to relieve hot flashes and mood swings
  • Vaginal estrogen to reduce vaginal dryness
  • Antidepressants to reduce anxiety and hot flashes
  • Medications to reduce the risk of osteoporosis
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips helps to reduce the signs and symptoms:

  • Get proper sleep
  • Use lubricant to reduce vaginal dryness
  • Drink cold water
  • Take cold bath
  • Exercise daily
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Avoid smoking
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