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Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral Valve Stenosis

It is defined as the narrowing of mitral valve which is present between the left atrium and ventricle of your heart. Mitral stenosis causes difficulty in opening of valve which blocked flowing blood through the left atrium to the left ventricle.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis include:mitral valve stenosis, prolapse, symptoms and treatment

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Blood in cough
  • Dyspnea
  • Palpitations
  • Edema on feet and ankles
  • Heart murmur
  • Fatigue
  • Breathing problems
  • Cyanosis
Causes

Following are the causes of mitral valve stenosis include:

Complications

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:

Diagnosis

After taking medical history and conducting a general physical examination your doctor will recommend the following test to diagnosis the condition:

  • Chest X-ray to see the condition of heart and lungs
  • Cardiac MRI to see the detailed images of heart
  • ECG to check the electric activity of heart
  • Stress test to measure the tolerance of heart muscle on exercise
  • Cardiac catherization
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram for the close look of the mitral valve
Treatment

Treatment of mitral valve stenosis depend upon the severity of conditions, treatment options include:

  • Diuretics to prevent pulmonary and ankle edema
  • Blood thinner to prevent the clot formation
  • Beta-blockers to slow the heart rate
  • Antibiotics to prevent the risk of rheumatic fever
  • Maintain healthy lifestyle
  • Taking medicine to prevent the complications
  • Regular follow-up check-up
  • Surgical replacement or repair of mitral valve
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help to reduce the signs and symptoms:

  • Avoid stress
  • Limit salt intake
  • Avoid too much caffiene
  • Eat healthy food
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Perform exercise daily
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Maintain personal hygiene to prevent infections
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