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Multiple System Atrophy

Multiple System Atrophy

It is the rare condition which affect the neurological involuntary function like blood pressure, breathing, bladder function and motor control. Multiple system atrophy is degenerative neurological disorder.

Symptoms

This disorder affects many systems of body. signs and symptoms include:

  • Posture problems
  • Rigidity
  • Difficulty in bending of arms and legs
  • Bradykinesia
  • Impaired movement
  • Slurred speech
  • Dysphagia
  • Visual disturbance
  • Constipation
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Abnormal breathing
Causes

The exact cause of this disorder is still unknown, but many theories suggest that certain environmental and genetic affects play role in the development of this disease.

Diagnosis

After taking history your doctor might recommend the following test:

  • Lumbar puncture to check the presence of any organism
  • Blood tests to check complete blood count and autoantibody
  • MRI to see detailed images
  • Nerve conduction test
  • Involuntary function assessment
Treatment

There is no specific treatment available for this rare disorder. The aim of treatment is to manage the signs and symptoms, treatment options include:

  • Medications to increase blood pressure like pyridostigmine, midodrine, droxidopa.
  • Carbidopa and levodopa for parkinson’s symptoms
  • Treat impotency by giving sildenafil
  • Gastrostomy tube for swallowing problems
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help you to reduce the signs and symptoms:

  • Eat more fiber in diet
  • Avoid sun burn
  • Stay in air-conditioned rooms
  • Elevate head of you bed
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