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Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy

It is defined as the genetic disorder in which there is lack of muscle mass and progressive weakness. Mutation in the genes of muscular protein interfere in the normal production of muscular protein.

Symptoms

The main signs and symptoms of muscular dystrophy included:

  • Large calf muscles
  • Waddling gait
  • Frequent falls
  • Muscle pain and stiffness
  • Trouble in running and jumping
  • Delayed growth
  • Learning disabilities
Causes

The exact cause of the muscular dystrophy is still unknown but it is assumed that mutation in the genes causing the defect in the production of normal muscular protein.

Complications

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:

  • Scoliosis
  • Contractures in joints
  • Trouble in walking
  • Swallowing problems
  • Heart defect
  • Breathing problems
Diagnosis

After taking detailed medical history and conducting motor examination your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • CK enzyme test to check the creatine kinase level in your blood.
  • Lung monitoring test
  • Muscle biopsy to excluded the other muscular diseases
  • ECG to check the heart normal function
  • Genetic testing
Treatment

There is no any specific treatment for muscular dystrophy is available. Only symptomatic treatment will help to cope up with daily routine life. Treatment options include:

  • Steroids to strengthen the muscles like prednisone
  • Eteplirsen may be helpful in some type of muscular dystrophy
  • Medication for heart defect
  • Physical therapy to improve the function of muscles
  • Breathing assessment
  • Surgical treatment for contractures
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