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Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Myelodysplastic Syndromes

It is defined as the blood cells disorder in which abnormal bloods cells are formed which does not perform their function properly.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of myelodysplastic syndrome includes:MYELODISPLASTIC SYNDROME SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

  • Shortness of breath
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Recurrent infections
  • Unusual and easy bruising
  • Petechiae
  • Paleness
Causes

The confirm cause of myelodysplastic syndrome is not known yet but theories and research suggest that anything which disturbed the bone marrow can cause this disorder. The function of bone marrow is to produce the blood cells. Some causes are chemotherapy, radiation exposure or toxic substance abuse etc.

Complications

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Increase risk of malignancy
  • Recurrent infections
  • Anemia
Diagnosis

After taking medical history and conducting a physical examination your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Blood tests to check the complete blood cell count
  • Biopsy of bone marrow to check the exact abnormality
Treatment

The first aim of treatment is to manage the signs and symptoms and prevent the complications, treatment options include:

  • Medications to increase the blood cell count
  • Stimulate to mature the blood cells
  • Medicine to suppress the immune system
  • Treat infections by giving antibiotics
  • Bone marrow transplant
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help to reduce your signs and symptoms:

  • Maintain personal hygiene
  • Avoid people who are severely ill
  • Eat healthy food
  • Avoid unnecessary activities
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