Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

This is one of the several type of personality disorder in which a person have inflated sense of self importance, an excessive need for attention and admiration, troublesome relationship and lack of empathy for others. There lies fragile self-esteem that is vulnerable to slightest criticism behind this mask of extreme confidence.


Narcissistic personality disorders presents as:

  • Person having intense sense of self importance
  • Always requiring constant and excessive admiration and entitlement
  • Expect to be recognized superior even without achievement
  • To get what they want they take advantage of other persons
  • Be envious of others on their success
  • Monopolize conversations
  • Preoccupied with fantisies about power, brilliance and perfect mate
  • Being impatient and angry if not receive special recognization
  • Difficulty in regulating emotions
  • Feeling of insecurity

Major cause of this type of personality disorder is exactly not known. The cause is likely to be complex and linked to many factors like

  • Environmental including parent-child relationship exexperience
  • Genetic
  • Neurobiological factors

 Complications mostly lead to disturbed quality of life including:

  • Difficulty in maintaining relationship
  • Problems at school and work
  • Substance abuse
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Diagnosis of this type of personality disorder depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical and psychological evaluation of the patient. It is diagnosed by criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.


Treatment options include:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Medications include anti-depression if person have suicidal thoughts.
Lifestyle and home remedies
  • Sticking to the treatment plan advised for better results
  • Get treatment of substance abuse problems
  • Keep oneself motivated by reminding goals each day
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