Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

It is defined as the congenital heart disease in which there is persistent opening between the two large blood vessel which arise from the heart. Opening is known as ductus arteriosus, after birth circulation start then this opening close but if it remains open it is called patent ductus arteriosus.


Signs and symptoms depend upon the size of opening, some symptoms include:Patent Ductus Arteriosus Causes Symptoms Treatment


It is occurred during the early development stage when heart start to developed from its origin, genetic factors might be involved in the congenital heart disease.


After taking medical history and conducting a physical examination your doctor might recommend a following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • MRI to see the heart actual size
  • ECG to check the electrical activity of heart
  • Chest x-ray to see the normal size and shape of heart
  • Cardiac catheterization

Treatment depend upon the severity of symptoms and age of patient, treatment option includes:

  • Wait until PDA closes on its own.
  • Medications to close the PDA like indomethacin and NSAIDs
  • Surgical closure if medicine don’t improve the condition
  • Antibiotics to prevent secondary infections
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