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Periodontitis

Periodontitis

It is defined as the infection of gum which damage the soft tissue and if left untreated it may cause the destruction of bones and then tooth loss.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis include:Periodontitis Symptoms causes  Treatment

  • Gums bleeding
  • Bad breath
  • Pus
  • Purplish gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Painful chewing
Causes

There are many causes of gums infection some of them are mention below:

  • Plaque which causes gingivitis
  • Calculus
  • Plaque form on your teeth
  • Any inflammatory disorder of periodontitis
Diagnosis

Diagnostic tests include:

  • Dental x-ray may help to check the extend of disease.
  • Medical history
  • Detailed examination of mouth
Treatment

The first line treatment for periodontitis is dental hygienist perform by dentist. Other options include:

  • Scaling
  • Root planning
  • Antibiotic to treat secondary infection
  • Soft tissue graft if tissue destruction occurs
  • Flap surgery
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