Placental Abruption

Placental Abruption

It is defined as the condition in which placenta separated either partially or completely from the uterus wall before the delivery of baby. Although it is a rare condition but can causes a serious complication.


Signs and symptoms usually appeared in last trimester which include:

Placental Abruption Causes Symptoms Treatment

  • Repetitive uterine contraction
  • Back pain
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Uterine tenderness
  • Uterine rigidity

The exact cause of placental abruption is still not found but it may be assumed that any injury or trauma to the abdomen cause the condition.


It can cause the following complications:

  • Kidney failure
  • Blood loss
  • Shock
  • Need of blood transfusion
  • Death of fetus
  • Death of mother
  • Sepsis
  • Thrombosis

There is no specific test for this condition is available but your doctor will recommend you an ultrasound or MRI to check the extend of placental abruption.


Treatment options depend upon the time remaining for delivery, treatment include:

  • If it occurs in last weeks and baby is close to full term then delivered the baby through c-section.
  • If baby is not close to full term then your doctor might hospitalize you and advice you bedrest and monitored your condition carefully.
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