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Pneumonitis

Pneumonitis

It is defined as the inflammation of the lung parenchyma it is the general term which is used for the lung infection but there are some noninfectious causes of inflammation is also present. Dry cough and difficulty in breathing is the main symptoms of pneumonitis.

Symptoms

Sign and symptoms of pneumonitis include:Pneumonitis Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
Causes

There are many causes of lung inflammation some of them are include:

  • Bacteria
  • Drugs
  • Fungi
  • Radiation therapy
  • Exposure to certain things like birds feathers also induce inflammation
Complications

If left untreated it may cause the severe damage to the lung parenchyma which is irreversible damage.

Diagnosis

After taking medical history your doctor might recommend the following test to diagnose your condition:

  • Chest X-ray to check the extent of disease
  • Sputum culture to check the causative organism
  • Pulse oximetry to check the oxygen level in your blood
  • Blood test to confirm the infection
  • Pulmonary function test to assets the normal function of the lungs
  • Bronchoscopy to see the inner of the lungs
Treatment

If this inflammation occurs due to the any know cause of exposure, then eliminate the exposure from the surrounding, following medicine will help to reduce the inflammatory process:

  • Oxygen therapy to control the breathing problems
  • Corticosteroids to reduce the inflammation
  • Antibiotic if there is bacterial infection occur
Lifestyle and home remedies
  • Stay hydrated
  • Take proper rest
  • Wear mask in pollinated environment
  • Avoid any exposure to birds and farm animals
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