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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease

It is inherited condition in which cysts formation occur in your kidneys which increase the size of kidneys therefore impair the function of kidneys. Cysts are fluid filled sacs which are nonmalignant. The size of cysts may range from small to large.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease include:Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms Causes Treatment

Causes

The exact cause of this condition is still unknown but there is assumption that mutation in the certain genes cause this disease. There are two variants of this disease present autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive. Dominant type often occurs in adults and recessive type occur mostly just after birth

Complications

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:

Diagnosis

After taking history your doctor will recommend the following diagnostic tests which included:

  • Kidney function test to check any hormonal disfunction
  • Imaging test to check the detailed kidney images
  • Blood test to check any serum abnormality
  • CT (Computerized Tomography) scan
Treatment

Treatment depends upon the number and size of cysts; one or more cystdoes not require any specific treatment. Treatment options included:

  • Drain the cysts through syringe
  • Surgical removal of cysts
  • Antibiotics for infected cysts
  • Pain killer
  • Medicine to control the high blood pressure
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