Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

It is a mental stress disorder which is stimulated by an any traumatic event which is experienced by the patient or witnessing it. Signs and symptoms range from mild to severe. Post-traumatic stress disorder can be treated with effective and prompt treatment.


Signs and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include:Post-traumatic Stress Disorder SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

  • Emotional distress
  • Recurrent flashback of that event
  • Nightmares
  • Hysteric attacks
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep problems
  • Lack of appetite
  • Isolation

The exact cause of this condition is unknown but following causes may be involved:

  • Hormonal disturbances in brain
  • Experience of stressful situation
  • Inherited mental problems like depression and anxiety
  • Inherited personality disorder

If left untreated it may cause the following complications:

  • Suicidal actions
  • Depression
  • Recurrent anxiety attacks
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Drug’s misuse
  • Eating disorder
  • Lack of concentration

After taking history your doctor might recommend the following tests for diagnosis:

  • General physical examination to rule out any other cause
  • Lab tests to check thyroid function and any other abnormality in other hormones
  • DSM-5 diagnostic criteria
  • Psychological counselling to rule out the other mental illness

Treatment depends upon the type and severity of mental illness. Treatment options include:

  • Medications like antidepressants, mood stabilizing medications and anti-psychotic drugs will help to reduce the anxiety and depression.
  • Psychotherapy provides immense help in reducing the signs and symptoms.
  • Electro convulsion therapy sometimes used in the depressive disorders.
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