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Presbyopia

Presbyopia

It’s a condition in which you are unable to focus on nearby things and objects properly. Presbyopia is a naturally occurring phenomenon which is age related mostly. It occurs after 3rd decade of life and get worsen during fifth or sixth decade.

Symptoms

In presbyopia there is gradual loss of vision, signs and symptoms include:

Causes

The exact cause of this condition is still unknown but it may assume that following factors involved in presbyopia:

  • Corneal factor like more flat shape cornea
  • Lens
  • Refraction power of both of this structure
Diagnosis

After taking history about signs and symptoms your doctor will perform the following test to rule out the other causes:

  • Physical examination of eye to check any cause
  • Snellen visual acuity test
  • Keratometry to check the diameter and curvature of cornea
  • Retinoscopy to check the refractive error
Treatment

The focus of treatment is to reduce the symptoms and provide the better vision, following treatment options include:

  • Eyeglasses of plus power and convex lens
  • Bifocals lenses
  • Contact lens
  • Laser treatment
  • Refractive surgery
  • Lens implant
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help you:

  • Regular checkup of eyesight
  • Use sunglasses to protect eyes from UV radiations
  • Treat chronic diseases
  • Eat healthy food
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