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Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

It is a condition in which ovaries failed to perform functioning before menopause or 40 years of age. Primary ovarian insufficiency also called premature ovarian failure due to which ovaries are unable to produce enough hormones and ovum regularly. It can also affect regularity of menstrual cycle.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of primary ovarian insufficiency include:Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Symptoms Causes Treatment

Causes

The cause of primary ovarian insufficiency include:

  • Idiopathic when no known cause is present
  • Autoimmune disease which produces antibodies against ovary
  • Certain toxins which can damage the ovaries
  • Chromosomal defect like turner syndrome fragile X syndrome etc..
Complications

Following complications can occur:

Diagnosis

After taking medical history and conducting general physical examination your doctor might recommend the following tests to diagnose the condition:

  • Ultrasound to check the inner of ovaries
  • Pregnancy test to rule out the pregnancy
  • Serum hormones level
  • Blood test to check the complete blood count
  • Genetic testing to exclude any chromosomal defects
Treatment

Treatment option for primary ovarian insufficiency include:

  • Calcium supplements
  • Vitamin D capsule
  • Estrogen therapy to reduce the signs and symptoms which occur due to estrogen deficiency
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following home remedies will help you to reduce signs and symptoms:

  • Take cold shower daily
  • Exercise daily
  • Eat healthy food
  • Avoid smoking
  • Take calcium and vitamin D supplements daily
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