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Pulmonary Atresia

Pulmonary Atresia

The condition in which there is defect in heart which is present at birth due to which blood does not go to the lungs from heart. In pulmonary atresia there is problem in pulmonary valve which make difficulty in blood flow from heart to lungs. It is fatal condition which can cause mortality if not treated immediately.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of pulmonary atresia include:

  • Feeding difficulty
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Cyanosis
Causes

The exact cause of this disease is still unknown. But there are many risk factors of this disease which include:

  • Mother obesity during pregnancy
  • Parent with inherited disease
  • Smoking
  • Medications used by mother during pregnancy
Diagnosis

After taking history your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Echocardiogram to check the electric activity of the heart
  • Xray to check the images of heart
  • ECG to see the electrical rhythm
  • Cardiac catheterization to check the structure of heart
Treatment

This condition needs the prompt treatment, treatment options include:

  • Medications include prostaglandins will help to reduce the symptoms and prevent the closure of ductus arteriosus.
  • Stent placement treatment include formed a connection between aorta and pulmonary artery.
  • Ballon atrial septostomy
  • Heart transplant if damage is severe
  • Shunting procedure to bypass the blood flow to the pulmonary arteries
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help you:

  • Stay active
  • Eat healthy food
  • Exercise daily
  • Avoid antibiotic
  • Stay hydrated
  • Avoid heavy acitivities
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