Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension

The type of hypertension which occur in pulmonary arteries and affect the lungs and right side of your heart. It is also known as pulmonary arterial hypertension. In pulmonary hypertension blood vessels, which is present in your lungs become obstructed and damage also.


Signs and symptoms include:Pulmonary Hypertension Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Dizziness
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness
  • Fainting
  • Cyanosis
  • Chest pain

There are many causes of pulmonary hypertension which include:

  • Congenital heart defect
  • Drugs like methamphetamine
  • Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • Chronic liver disease like cirrhosis
  • COPD
  • Blood vessels malignancy
  • Metabolic disorder like glycogen storage diseases

After taking history about signs and symptoms and conducting physical examination your doctor might recommend the following test:

  • Echocardiogram to check the electric activity of the heart
  • X-ray of chest to check the images of lungs and heart
  • Pulmonary function test
  • ECG to see the electrical rhythm
  • Cardiac catheterization to check the structure of heart
  • Pulse oximetry to check the blood oxygen level
  • To check blood gas concentration
  • Doppler Ultrasound of lungs
  • Pulmonary angiogram
  • Blood test to rule any infectious cause

There is only symptomatic treatment is present there is no cure for this condition. Treatment options include:

  • Vasodilator to relax the blood vessels to decrease the blood pressure like epoprostenol.
  • Sildenafil also used as vasodilator
  • Calcium channel blocker also help to dilated the vessels and reduce the blood pressure
  • Warfarin to reduce the clot formation and thinning the blood
  • Oxygen therapy to prevent the syncope and dizziness
  • Digoxin to prevent the arrhythmias
  • Diuretics to reduce the edema
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help you:

  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid going on high altitude
  • Take medicine for blood pressure control
  • Eat low cholesterol food
  • Limit salt intake
  • Eat healthy food
  • Exercise daily
  • Get vaccinated to prevent recurrent infections
Scroll to Top