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Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

The defect in valve which is present between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. stenosis ranges from mild to severe and symptoms depend upon the severity to stenosis. There are many successful treatment options available for pulmonary valve stenosis, fortunately.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary valve stenosis include:Pulmonary Valve Stenosis Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Dizziness
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness
  • Cardiac murmur
  • Fainting
  • Cyanosis
  • Chest pain
Causes

There are many causes of pulmonary valve stenosis include:

  • Rheumatic fever which occurs due to the streptococcus infection
  • Carcinoid syndrome
  • Noonan syndrome
Diagnosis

After taking history about signs and symptoms and conducting physical examination your doctor might recommend the following test:

  • Echocardiogram to check the electric activity of the heart
  • X-ray of chest to check the images of lungs and heart
  • Pulmonary function test
  • ECG to see the electrical rhythm
  • Cardiac catheterization to check the structure of heart
  • Pulse oximetry to check the blood oxygen level
  • To check blood gas concentration
  • Doppler Ultrasound of lungs
Treatment

Treatment depends upon the severity of disease and include:

  • Open heart surgery like valvuloplasty to treat the damage valve if not treated with noninvasive surgery.
  • Ballon valvuloplasty to open the valve by balloon catheter
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