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Q fever

Q fever

This is an infection which is caused by coxiella burnetii, a bacteria. This fever usually presents with mild flu-like symptoms. It can by asymptomatic. However, it can lead to fatal complications damaging heart, brain and lungs.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of Q fever include:

  • High grade fever ( 105 F or 41°C)
  • Intense headache
  • Lethargy
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Increase sensitivity to light
Causes:

Q fever is caused by the infection of coxiella burnetii bacteria which  infect in animals and humans. This bacteria is transmitted through the urine, faeces and birthing products of infected animals. In humans infection is usually transmited through lungs when they inhale air borne contaminated dust.

Complications:

Some complications arises from Q fever areand:

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Along with that other tests include:

  • Lab tests include blood test to detect antibodies against bacteria
  • Chest xray
  • Echocardiogram
Treatment:

Treatment options include:

  • Medications like antibiotic doxycycline.
  • Follow up tests for years in case of chronic infection.
  • Surgery is needed if replacement of damaged heart valves is needed
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