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Retinal Diseases

Retinal Diseases

This is a condition which vary widely but all causes visual symptoms. In this disease retina,  thin layer of tissue on inside wall of eye, is damaged. There are many diseases that affects retina. Some types of retinal diseases are: Retinal tear, retinal detachment, epiretinal membrane, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa.

SymptomsRetinal Detachment Symptoms Causes Treatment
  • Appearance of floaters and cobwebs in the visual field
  • Blurred or loss of vision
  • Distorted vision
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of this condition depends upon detailed medical history and complete general physical examination of the patient. Other tests include:

  • Amsler grid test to assess the clarity of central vision
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT)
  • Fundus autofluorescence (FAF)
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Indocyanine green angiography
  • Imaging tests like ultrasound, CT scan, MRI
Treatment

Treatment options include:

  • Laser treatment to treat the perforation in retina
  • Scatter laser photocoagulation procedure to shrink the abnormal blood vessels
  • Pneumatic retinopexy
  • Vitrectomy
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