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Seizures

Seizures

The brain disorder in which there is abnormal electrical activity in brain occurred. Seizures can cause behavioral changes and mood swings. If there is no organic cause is present then it is considered as epilepsy. There are many types of seizures which have different signs and symptoms which range from mild to severe.

Symptoms

Following are the signs and symptoms of seizures:Seizures Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Jerking movements of arms and legs
  • Temporary confusion
  • Staring spell
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of awareness
  • Cognitive disturbance
  • Emotional symptoms
Causes

There are many causes of seizures which include:

  • Use of illegal abusive drugs
  • Brain tumor
  • Stroke
  • Head trauma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Systemic lupus erythematous
  • Hyponatremia
  • Lack of sleep
  • Hugh fever
  • Medications like anti-depressant
Diagnosis

After taking history and conducting physical examination your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • Lumbar puncture to rule out the brain cause
  • Neurological examination to check the mental function
  • Blood test to check the complete blood count
  • Electroencephalography to check the electrical activity of the brain
  • Imaging test like x-ray, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), and CT (Computerized Tomography) scan of brain to check any trauma to the brain
Treatment

Treatment options for seizures include:

  • Anti-seizure medications help to reduce the occurrence of seizures.
  • Dietary therapy in which there is high fat and low carbohydrate include seems to be helpful in certain conditions.
  • Surgical treatment includes removal of that area of brain which produce the seizures, surgical options include lobectomy, corpus callosotomy, hemispherectomy etc.
  • Electrical stimulation
Lifestyle and home remedies

Following tips will help you:

  • Take proper sleep
  • Eat healthy diet
  • Exercise daily
  • Maintain healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid alcohol
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