Small Vessel Disease

Small Vessel Disease

The disease in which small vessels present in the heart become damaged. Small vessels disease produces signs and symptoms related to heart like chest pain. It is more prevalent in women than men.


Signs and symptoms of Small vessel disease include:Small Vessel Disease Symptoms causes treatment

  • Fatigue
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Chest pain
  • Pain radiates towards left arm and neck

Disease which causes large vessels disease also include in small vessels diseases, there many factors which associated with it including:


Following tests will recommend by your doctor to diagnosis the condition:

  • Ultrasound like doppler ultrasound to check velocity of blood in vessels.
  • Angiography to check the condition of blood vessels.
  • Physical examination
  • Ankle-brachial index to check blood pressure in legs
  • Blood test to check the complete blood count
  • Cardiac MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Stress test

Treatment depends upon the severity of the disease some options of treatment include:

  • Start physical activity to reduce the leg pain and cramping
  • Nitroglycerin to dilate the vessels
  • Beta blocker to decrease the blood pressure
  • Medications include cholesterol lowering medications, drugs to treat blood pressure, and to prevent blood clot like blood thinners.
  • Pain killers
  • Angioplasty to inflated the affected artery by inserting hollow catheter tube.
  • Bypass surgery
Scroll to Top