Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

The condition in which there is tear occurred in blood vessel which is present in the heart. It can obstruct the blood flow toward the heart due to which heart attack will occurred any time and other heart abnormalities will occur. It mostly affects the women of 40 and 50 years old.


Following are the signs and symptoms of spontaneous coronary artery dissection:SCAD Symptoms Causes Treatment

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Sweating
  • Palpitations
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Fatigue

The exact cause of this disease is still unknown but there are many risk factors of this disease which includes:


After taking history about signs and symptoms and conducting physical examination your doctor might recommend the following test:

  • Echocardiogram to check the electric activity of the heart
  • X-ray of chest to check the images of heart
  • ECG to see the electrical rhythm
  • Cardiac catheterization to check the structure of heart
  • Pulse oximetry to check the blood oxygen level
  • Coronary angiogram

The main aim of treatment is to prevent the ischemic damage to the heart muscle and reduce the risk of complications, treatment options include:

  • Aspirin to prevent the clot formation
  • Blood thinning medicine the prevent the thrombus formation
  • Cholesterol lowering drug
  • Medication to treat the hypertension
  • Stent placing surgery to open the arteries
  • Bypass surgery
  • Medicine for chest pain
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