Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

This is the condition in which there is abnormally bulged artery which is passing through thoracic cage. This occur mainly because of thin artery walls which bulged out when blood is pumped against them.


Symptoms start to appear when aneurysm starts to grow slowly and include;

  • Intense pain and tenderness in chest.
  • Hoarseness of voice.
  • Coughing
  • Problematic breathing.

Following factors increases the incidence of development of thoracic aneurysm:

  • The fats deposits on the walls of artery and become hardened leading to the development of atheriosclerosis.
  • Some genetic manifestation also leads to the development of aneurysm.
  • Some medical conditions like giant cells tumor, Takayasu are linked with the development of thoracic artery aneurysm.
  • Aortic valve problems, untreated infections or some traumatic injuries could result in thoracic artery aneurysm.

Aortic aneurysm can lead to different complication due to rupture of the bulge in the body or aortic dissection results which is a life-threatening condition due to tearing different layers of aorta and leads to signs and symptoms which are;

  • Intense of sudden pain in the chest.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Radiation of pain to the back
  • Unconsciousness
  • Problem in swallowing.

First to diagnose this condition a detailed family history is needed. Complete general physical examination rules out many symptoms. Other test and technique for diagnosis include;

  • CT scan
  • MRI techniques.
  • Genetic testing.

Treatment options are as follows;

  • Regular check up
  • Medications like beta blockers, Angiotensin II receptor blockers and statins.
  • Open heart surgery, endovascular surgery and emergency surgery can be considered.
Home Remedies
  • Quit smoking.
  • Limit your cholesterol intake.
  • Eat organic vegetables and fruits.
  • Be active and exercise regularly.
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