Viral Hemorrhagic Fever

Viral Hemorrhagic Fever

It is a viral infectious fever which damage the walls of blood vasculature and make them porous due to which leakage occurs. It is a life-threatening condition and required prompt treatment. It can also disturb the blood clotting function. Types of viral hemorrhagic fever include:

  • Yellow fever
  • Dengue
  • Ebola
  • Lassa
  • Marburg

Infection is spread by the contact with infected animals or insects or people.


Viral hemorrhagic fever has following signs and symptoms:

  • Hugh grade fever
  • Fatigue and malaise
  • Muscular pain
  • Dizziness
  • Joint pain
  • Septic shock
  • Bruises due to bleeding
  • Delirium
  • Nervous system problems

The causes of the viral hemorrhagic fever are viruses which reside in the variety of hosts like animal, insects. Rodents. And mosquitoes. They are transmitted by insect bite and by eating food which is contaminated with infected animal fecal material. Sharing needle with infected human being is the major cause in drug abusive person. Having unprotected sexual intercourse with infected personal also cause the hemorrhagic fever.


Complications include the damage of following organ:

  • Spleen
  • Lungs
  • Kidney
  • Heart
  • Brain
  • Eyes

Diagnosis can be difficult at early stage because early signs and symptoms of this disease is common to many other diseases. For diagnosis your doctor will take your medical and travelling history and might recommend some blood and urine tests to evaluate the other infectious causes.


Treatment include the following options:

  • Supportive care to prevent the complications and reduce the signs and symptoms like fluid and electrolytes maintenance.
  • No exact medication available for this viral infection but some antiviral like virazole and ribavirin will better your condition and prevent the complications.
  • If viral infection damages your kidney then dialysis will help you to remove waste material from the body.
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