Bartholin are the glands which are present on the both side of vaginal opening. It secreted the fluids which provide the lubrication to the vagina.
The opening of these glands become obstructed and fluid become accumulated into the gland due to which painless cyst formed in the gland this is called Bartholin cyst. If cyst become infected then pus may also accumulate and formed the abscess.
Treatment depends upon the size of cyst. Antibiotics work well if cyst superimposed with infection.
If the size of cyst is very small then it may not be notice first. When size is increase you will notice the mass and lump around the opening of vagina it may be painless but usually it can be tender.
Following are the symptoms if your cyst become infected
- Pain during sexual activity
- Causes discomfort during sitting and walking
Obstruction of Bartholin gland may be cause by infection or any injury. A number of bacteria causes the infection e.g. E. coli and sexually transmitted bacterial like chlamydia and gonorrhea.
It may recur again and seek treatment again.
There is no particular way to prevent Bartholin cyst. Used condom during sexual intercourse and good hygiene prevent the formation of abscess.
It is diagnosis by your doctor by asking you some question and perform physical examination.
- Asked your medical history
- Physical examination of pelvis
- Take vaginal secretions for tests
- Biopsy recommendation of mass to check for neoplastic cells.
Most of the time it required no treatment if the size of cyst is so small that is causes no signs and symptoms. Medication and treatment required when cyst become infected and pus formation occur.
Your doctor recommends the following treatment option
- Sitz baths
- Surgical drainage
Infected and pus containing Bartholin cyst may resolved by soaking in warm water daily several times during a day. For painful cyst painkillers may be helpful.