Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children and Sars-cov 2, COVID-19

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children and Sars-cov 2, COVID-19

It is defined as the inflammatory condition which involved multiple systems of body most commonly in children and associated with COVID-19 virus. MIS-C appeared in children who are severely infected with COVID-19.


Signs and symptoms of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) include:MULTI SYSTEM INFLAMMATORY SYNDROME SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

  • Skin rash
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in stomach
  • Dizziness
  • Redness or swelling

The main cause of MIS-C is not found yet, but different theories suggest that this inflammatory condition start due to the over expression of immune system which is associated with COVID-19.


If left untreated it may lead to the severe damage to the many vital organs, like heart, lungs, or kidney.


After taking history your doctor might recommend the following tests:

  • PCR antibody test for COVID-19
  • Blood test for complete blood count or any abnormal protein
  • Urine test to look for inflammatory product
  • Chest X-ray
  • Ultrasound

Treatment should do after admitting the patient in hospital. Treatment depend upon the severity of infection, treatment options include:

  • Fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Ventilator for breathing problem
  • Blood pressure medications
  • Oxygen to prevent hypoxia
  • Antibiotics to treat secondary infection
  • Steroids therapy to reduce inflammation
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