Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

This condition features a pattern of useless thoughts and fears (obsession) that results in repetitive behavior (compulsions). These obsession and compulsions causes significant distress by interfering with daily activities.

Symptoms: In obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms can be of both or just one of obsession and compulsions.

  • Fear of dirt or contamination
  • Doubting
  • Need of being organized everytime
  • Horrific and aggressive thoughts about harming yourself or others
  • Unpleasant sexual images
Compulsion symptoms
  • Washing hands until skin become raw
  • Checking doors repeatedly for making sure they are locked
  • Counting in certain pattern
  • Repeating silently a prayer, word or phrase
  • Arranging your canned goods to face the same way

 Exact cause of this condition is not known but main theories include:

  • It can be the result of changes in own’s body natural chemistry or brain function
  • Genetical factors
  • This behavior can be learned from the family during a long time
  • Wasting of a lot of time engaging in ritualistic behavior
  • Contact dermatitis due to frequent hand washing
  • Poor quality of life
  • Suicidal thoughts

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is diagnosed in following steps:

  • Psychological evaluation
  • Diagnostic criteria for OCD in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
  • Complete general physical examination

Treatment options include:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Medications can be prescribed like antidepressant and antipsychotic medications.
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
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