Oral Thrush, Oral Candida

Oral Thrush, Oral Candida

It is the fungus infection of lining of oral cavity. It is known as candidiasis because it is occurred due to the infection of candida albicans.


Signs and symptoms of oral thrush include:ORAL CANDIDA SYMPTOMS CAUSES TREATMENT

  • Redness in oral cavity
  • Burning sensation
  • Creamy white patches on tongue, inner cheeks and roof and floor of moth
  • Bleeding if patches are scratches
  • Loss of taste
  • Irritation during swallowing

Normal there is group of bacteria and fungi live inside the body as a normal flora of the body. The common causes of oral thrush are candida albicans which are normally present in vaginal canal but in oral cavity it causes thrush.


Complications are mostly seen with low immunity individual. They got viral disease easily like HIV and herpes virus infect them more.


Diagnosis is done through:

  • Oral examination to see the patches and other conditions of mouth.
  • Biopsy by taking small piece of white patches to differentiate from leukoplakia.
  • Endoscopy

The main aim of treatment is to treat the lesion and prevent the spread of infection and complications, treatment options include:

  • Anti-fungal medications like ketoconazole, fluconazole etc.
  • Anti-fungal topical creams
  • Broad-spectrum anti-fungal for low immunity persons by IV.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
  • Maintain a good oral hygiene.
  • Take warm water
  • Rinse mouth with saltwater
  • Avoid spicy food
  • Stop smoking
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